Is visual selective attention in deaf individuals enhanced or deficient? The Case of useful field of view

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dc.contributor.author Dye, Matthew
dc.contributor.author Hauser, Peter
dc.contributor.author Bavelier, Daphne
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-29T20:19:04Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-29T20:19:04Z
dc.date.issued 2009-05
dc.identifier.citation PloS ONE, vol. 4, no. 5, May 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1850/10589
dc.description.abstract Background: Early deafness leads to enhanced attention in the visual periphery. Yet, whether this enhancement confers advantages in everyday life remains unknown, as deaf individuals have. been shown to be more distracted by irrelevant information in the periphery than their hearing peers. Here, we ~how that, in a complex attentional task, a performance advantage results for deaf individuals. Methodology/Principal Findings: We employed the Useful Field of View (UFOV) which requires central target identification concurrent with peripheral target localization in the presence of distraetors - a divided, selective attention task. First, the comparison of deaf and hearing adults with or without sign language skills establishes that deafness and not sign language use drives UFOV enhancement. Second, UFOV performance was enhanced in deaf children, but only after 11 years of age. Conclusions/Significance: This work demonstrates that, following early auditory deprivation, visual attention resources toward the periphery slowly get augmented to eventually result in a clear behavioral advantage by pre-adolescence on a selective visual attention task. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher PloS ONE en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries vol. 4 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries no. 5 en_US
dc.title Is visual selective attention in deaf individuals enhanced or deficient? The Case of useful field of view en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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