Modeling the environmental impact of demand variability upon supply chains in the beverage industry

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dc.contributor.advisor Carrano, Andres
dc.contributor.advisor Thorn, Brian
dc.contributor.author Daccarett-Garcia, Jorge Y.
dc.date.accessioned 2009-10-13T00:13:01Z
dc.date.available 2009-10-13T00:13:01Z
dc.date.issued 2009-04
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1850/10629
dc.description.abstract High demand variability can produce several inefficiencies in the supply chain, increasing cost and decreasing service level. This research focuses on the environmental impact of demand variability on supply chains especially in the beverage industry by investigating the relationship between demand variability and the emissions of carbon dioxide. The analysis was based on a beverage industry case, considering a two-stage supply chain. A simulation model was developed to represent the supply chain. The experimental factors demand variability, demand level, forecast method, system size, and truck fleet configuration were manipulated in order to represent different scenarios. A statistical Design of Experiment (DOE) model was used to understand the impact of these factors in relation to the emissions of carbon dioxide, cost and service level. The findings suggest that increments in demand variability result in an increment in carbon dioxide emissions due to the distribution of product. It was also observed that an increment in demand variability results in an increment in cost and a decrease in service level. The study also suggests that the factors that influence demand level and truck fleet configuration have a significant impact on the amount of carbon dioxide emissions. A significant interaction between demand variability and demand level was also identified in relation to carbon dioxide emissions, cost, and service level. Trade-offs were identified between carbon dioxide emissions and service level as well as between cost and service level. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.subject Beverage industry en_US
dc.subject Carbon dioxide en_US
dc.subject Demand variability en_US
dc.subject Distribution en_US
dc.subject Environmental impact en_US
dc.subject Supply chain en_US
dc.subject.lcc HD38.5 .D33 2009
dc.subject.lcsh Business logistics--Environmental aspects en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Beverage industry--Environmental aspects en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Supply and demand--Environmental aspects en_US
dc.title Modeling the environmental impact of demand variability upon supply chains in the beverage industry en_US
dc.type Thesis en_US
dc.description.college Kate Gleason College of Engineering en_US
dc.description.department Department of Industrial & Systems Engineering en_US
dc.description.school Rochester Institute of Technology en_US

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