Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling with multi-clock distribution systems on SPARC core

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Title: Dynamic voltage and frequency scaling with multi-clock distribution systems on SPARC core
Author: Michael, Michael Nasri
Abstract: The current implementation of dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVS and DFS) in microprocessors is based on a single clock domain per core. In architectures that adopt Instruction Level Parallelism (ILP), multiple execution units may exist and operate concurrently. Performing DVS and DFS on such cores may result in low utilization and power efficiency. In this thesis, a methodology that implements DVFS with multi Clock distribution Systems (DCS) is applied on a processor core to achieve higher throughput and better power efficiency. DCS replaces the core single clock distribution tree with multi-clock domain systems which, along with dynamic voltage and frequency scaling, creates multiple clock-voltage domains. DCS implements a self-timed interface between the different domains to maintain functionality and ensure data integrity. DCS was implemented on a SPARC core of UltraSPARC T1 architecture, and synthesized targeting TSMC 120nm process technology. Two clock domains were used on SPARC core. The maximum achieved speedup relative to original core was 1.6X. The power consumed by DCS was 0.173mW compared to the core total power of ~ 10W.
Record URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1850/10750
Date: 2009-05

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