Diffusion coefficients in anisotropic fluids by ESR imaging of concentration profiles

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Title: Diffusion coefficients in anisotropic fluids by ESR imaging of concentration profiles
Author: Hornak, Joseph; Moscicki, J.; Schneider, Donald; Freed, J.
Abstract: We report on the use of ESR imaging for determining the translational diffusion constants of typical ESR spin probes in ordered and isotropic solvents. A discussion is given for a Fourier deconvolution method for determining the correct concentration profile if there is more than one hyperfine line in the spectrum of the radical as well as a spatial dependence of the spectrometer sensitivity. A simple but approximate subtraction deconvolution method is also presented. The diffusion constants for 4-oxo-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (TEMPONE) in the nematic and isotropic phases of the liquid crystal p-pentylbenzylidine-p-butylanaline (5,4) were determined. In the isotropic phase the diffusion coefficient is isotropic (D=2.5×10–6 cm2 s–1, at 50 °C), while in the nematic phase it was found to be mildly anisotropic. The diffusion coefficients for motion perpendicular and parallel to the director axis in the nematic phase are respectively, D =9.0×10–7 cm2 s–1, D =6.4×10–7 cm2 s–1 at 27 °C. This is interpreted in terms of some smectic-like character in the nematic phase of 5,4. Possible improvements in the technique are also discussed. The Journal of Chemical Physics is copyrighted by The American Institute of Physics.
Record URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1850/2161
Publishers URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.450221
Date: 1986-03-15

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