Orf135 from Escherichia coli is a nudix hydrolase specific for CTP, dCTP, and 5-methyl-dCTP

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Title: Orf135 from Escherichia coli is a nudix hydrolase specific for CTP, dCTP, and 5-methyl-dCTP
Author: O'Handley, Suzanne; Dunn, Christopher; Bessman, Maurice
Abstract: Orf135 from Escherichia coli is a new member of the Nudix (nucleoside diphosphate linked to some other moiety, x) hydrolase family of enzymes with substrate specificity for CTP, dCTP, and 5-methyl-dCTP. The gene has been cloned for overexpression, and the protein has been overproduced, purified, and characterized. Orf135 is most active on 5-methyl-dCTP (kcat/Km = 301,000 M1 s1), followed by CTP (kcat/Km = 47,000 M1 s1) and dCTP (kcat/Km = 18,000 M1 s1). Unlike other nucleoside triphosphate pyrophophohydrolases of the Nudix hydrolase family discovered thus far, Orf135 is highly specific for pyrimidine (deoxy)nucleoside triphosphates. Like other Nudix hydrolases, the enzyme cleaves its substrates to produce a nucleoside monophosphate and inorganic pyrophosphate, has an alkaline pH optimum, and requires a divalent metal cation for catalysis, with magnesium yielding optimal activity. Because of the nature of its substrate specificity, Orf135 may play a role in pyrimidine biosynthesis, lipid biosynthesis, and in controlling levels of 5-methyl-dCTP in the cell.
Record URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1850/2203
Publishers URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M004100200
Date: 2001-02-23

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