Stepwise mechanism for oxidative addition of iodine to organotellurium(II) compounds as observed by stopped-flow spectroscopy

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Title: Stepwise mechanism for oxidative addition of iodine to organotellurium(II) compounds as observed by stopped-flow spectroscopy
Author: Detty, Michael; Friedman, Alan; McMillan, Martin
Abstract: The reaction of iodine with a series of diorgano tellurides was monitored by stopped-flow spectroscopy. For dihexyl telluride (11, diphenyl telluride (2), di-p-anisyl telluride (31, and phenyl 2-((dimethylamino)methyl)phenyl telluride (4), an initial “fast” reaction was first order in substrate and second order in iodine. For 2,6-di-tert-butyltelluropyran-4-one (E), the “fast” reaction was second order overall and first order in iodine. The “fast” reaction is actually two reactions: the addition of iodine to the tellurium atom to form an n1-R2Te-I2 complex followed by the addition of a second iodine to form presumably an n1-R2Te-I4 complex. The first reaction is faster than the second leading to a rapid preequilibrium and apparent inverted Arrhenius behavior in the temperature dependence of the rate constants. The “fast” reaction(s) is followed by a “slow” reaction, which is first order overall and independent of iodine concentration. The rate constant for the “slow” reaction increases with increasing solvent polarity, which is consistent with a dissociative process leading to ionic intermediates.
Record URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1850/2305
Publishers URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/om00003a052
Date: 1995-03

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