The total synthesis and anti-fertility activity of 6-silasteroids

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Title: The total synthesis and anti-fertility activity of 6-silasteroids
Author: Pitt, Colin; Friedman, Alan; Rector, Douglas; Wani, Mansukh
Abstract: 4,4-Dimethyl-6-methoxy-4-sila-1-tetralone (2) was prepared by a modified literature procedure and converted to 3-methoxy-6,6-dimethyl-6-silaestra-1,3,5(10),8,14-pentaen-17β-yl acetate (5c). Catalytic hydrogenation of 5c gave 3-methoxy-6,6-dimethyl-6-silaestra-1,3,5(10),8-tetraen-17β-yl acetate (6b), and its 14-iso- and Δ1,3,5(10),8(14) isomers, the proportions varying with the catalyst and solvent. Reduction of 6b with lithium-liquid ammonia, and O-demethylation, gave 6,6-dimethyl-6-silaestradiol (8b). Reduction of the 3-methyl ether of 8b with lithium-liquid ammonia-t-butanol and hydrolysis afforded 3-keto-6,6-dimethyl-6-silaestr-1(10)-en-17β-ol (15), which was catalytically reduced to its 1,10α-dihydro derivative 17. The 5,6 Si---C bond of 8b, 15 and their derivatives was cleaved by boron tribromide, aq. ethanolic hydrogen fluoride, and other reagents, providing a series of 5,6-seco-6,6-dimethyl-6-silasteroids. X-ray crystallographic analysis of 17 and the 17α-ethynyl derivative of 15 confirmed the stereochemical assignments. None of the compounds which were subjected to uterotropic, anti-uterotropic, or post-coital assays, showed significant activity. A partially completed synthesis of 6-silaestradiol (21a) is described.
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Date: 1975

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