Effect of crystallization on the morphologies of block copolymer/homopolymer blends cast in an electric field

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Title: Effect of crystallization on the morphologies of block copolymer/homopolymer blends cast in an electric field
Author: Ye, Yijun; Wnek, Gary; Krause, Sonja; Smith, Thomas
Abstract: Blends of polystyrene (PS) and poly(styrene-b-ethylene oxide) (PS-b-PEO) were cast from a ternary solvent mixture containing 85% toluene, 10% tetrahydrofuran, and 5% methanol under conditions that favor crystallization of the PEO phase. Electric fields (2-14 kV/cm) were applied during casting to explore the possibility of morphology control by the field. It was observed that films cast in the absence of an electric field, in the temperature range of 0-25°C, from solutions initially cooled to 0°C were translucent. Their transmission electron micrographs exhibited thread-like, fibrillar structures. Micrographs of films cast in dc fields of 2-14 kV/cm at 16.3 ± 0.4°C also showed fibrillar structures, with the fibrils in the presence of fields greater than 8 kV/cm being substantially oriented in the field direction. We suggest that the morphologies developed under these conditions result from crystallization from preexisting crystal nuclei in the cooled solutions with the fibrillar crystals being oriented by the electric field. This method provides a possible way of processing anisotropic polymer blends.
Record URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1850/2350
Publishers URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-0488(19960130)34:2<309::AID-POLB11>3.0.CO;2-N
Date: 1996-01-30

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