Assisted GPS solution in cellular networks

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Title: Assisted GPS solution in cellular networks
Author: Lissai, Gidon
Abstract: The ‘Wireless Enhanced 911’ rules, which were issued in 1996, state that the position of a mobile device should be sent to Public Safety Answering Point (‘PSAP’) once a 9-1-1 call takes place from it. The rules imposed the cellular carriers to integrate a technology into their networks so that the mobile device location can be transferred once a 9-1-1 call is made. One of the chosen technologies was the Global Positioning System (GPS). The solution suggests integrating a GPS receiver into every cellular device. But the GPS receiver, as a stand alone solution, has some major performance limitations in regards to the Wireless Enhanced 911 requirements. The Assisted GPS (A-GPS) technology improves the GPS receiver performances. It reduces the time it takes the receiver to calculate its location. It also enhances the receiver’s reception sensitivity and improves the calculated position accuracy. With the A-GPS technology, the GPS receiver solution becomes compatible with the rules requirements. Two of the four large wireless carriers in the U.S. had chosen the A-GPS as their location solution in their networks. The A-GPS technology became an important part of the cellular industry. The intention of the thesis is to explore the A-GPS solution and to show its necessity in today’s GPS-based solutions. The following aspects are reviewed in the thesis – how the A-GPS solution works, how it improves the GPS receiver performances, the technology that is being used to implement it, and how it integrates to the cellular network. Another A-GPS related aspect that is reviewed in the thesis is the integration of location-based applications in cellular networks. The location-based applications service is a new and growing market in the cellular industry as a result of the deployed location solutions.
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Date: 2006

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