Color properties of specular reflections

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Title: Color properties of specular reflections
Author: Arney, Jonathan; Anderson, Peter; Pfeister, William
Abstract: As part of a project to develop improved analytical techniques for the characterization of print gloss, a study has been carried out on the chromatic effects on specular reflections. Fresnel's reflection law suggests one kind of chromatic effect. An increase in index of refraction occurs in a material as the wavelength of light approaches the wavelength of absorption, and the increased index results in an increased Fresnel reflection. However, analysis of C, M, and Y electrophotographic images did not reveal any evidence of this effect. Another very strong effect was found to be the contribution of Fresnel type reflections from sub-layers of the image to the first surface reflection. These sub layer effects were observed to contribute significantly to the total specular reflectance, provided the colorant layer had a minimum absorptance. For example, for measurements of C, M, and Y toner fused on paper, measured in R, G, and B light, the minimum amount of specular reflection was measured for Cyan in Red, Magenta in Green, and Yellow in Blue. Quantitative modeling of this multiple specular reflec-tion has been consistent with experimental measurements.
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Date: 2004-10-31

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