Land surface temperature and emissivity retrieval from thermal infrared hyperspectral imaging

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Title: Land surface temperature and emissivity retrieval from thermal infrared hyperspectral imaging
Author: Boonmee, Marvin
Abstract: A new algorithm, optimized land surface temperature and emissivity retrieval (OLSTER), is presented to compensate for atmospheric effects and retrieve land surface temperature (LST) and emissivity from airborne thermal infrared hyperspectral data. The OLSTER algorithm is designed to retrieve properties of both natural and man-made materials. Multi-directional or multi-temporal observations are not required, and the scenes do not have to be dominated by blackbody features. The OLSTER algorithm consists of a preprocessing step, an iterative search for nearblackbody pixels, and an iterative constrained optimization loop. The preprocessing step provides initial estimates of LST per pixel and the atmospheric parameters of transmittance and upwelling radiance for the entire image. Pixels that are under- or overcompensated by the estimated atmospheric parameters are classified as near-blackbody and lower emissivity pixels, respectively. A constrained optimization of the atmospheric parameters using generalized reduced gradients on the near-blackbody pixels ensures physical results. The downwelling radiance is estimated from the upwelling radiance by applying a look-up table of coefficients based on a polynomial regression of radiative transfer model runs for the same sensor altitude. The LST and emissivity per pixel are retrieved simultaneously using the well established ISSTES algorithm. The OLSTER algorithm retrieves land surface temperatures within about ± 1.0 K, and emissivities within about ± 0.01 based on numerical simulation and validation work comparing results from sensor data with ground truth measurements. The OLSTER algorithm is currently one of only a few algorithms available that have been documented to retrieve accurate land surface temperatures and absolute land surface spectral emissivities from passive airborne hyperspectral LWIR sensor imagery.
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Date: 2007-10

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