A study of the effect of pictorial markings and warning labels on handling of packages in the DHL single-parcel environment

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dc.contributor.author Singh, J.
dc.contributor.author Singh, S. P.
dc.contributor.author Voss, Thomas
dc.contributor.author Saha, K.
dc.date.accessioned 2008-04-09T14:57:34Z
dc.date.available 2008-04-09T14:57:34Z
dc.date.issued 2007
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1850/5971
dc.description.abstract Over the past two decades, there has been a heavy influx in the number of direct-to- consumer express shipments of packaged products. As a consequence, parcel delivery companies, such as DHL, FedEx and UPS, have strengthened their presence in air transport. This study measured and analyzed the effect of moving single packages through air shipments in the USA using one of the newest service providers, DHL. The study also quantified the effect of placing pictorial markings and warning labels on mid-sized and lightweight packages when using Next-Day and 2nd Day services provided by the carrier DHL. Instrumented packages measuring 0.38 m ¥ 0.34 m ¥ 0.34 m and weighing 6.8 kg were shipped from Michigan to California and New York. A total of 48 trips were conducted to collect the data for this study. The results show that for the Next-Day and 2nd Day service, packages with labels, as compared with those without labels, were subjected to approximately the same number of drops for shipment to California, and approximately 35% less drops for shipments to New York. The drop-height data for the shipments are presented in terms of drop heights associated with the 90, 95 and 99th percentile of occurrence. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Packaging Science and Technology en_US
dc.subject drops en_US
dc.subject express delivery en_US
dc.subject package handling en_US
dc.subject pictorial markings en_US
dc.subject warning labels en_US
dc.title A study of the effect of pictorial markings and warning labels on handling of packages in the DHL single-parcel environment en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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