An Extension of the flow boiling correlation to transition, laminar and deep laminar flows in minichannels and microchannels

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Title: An Extension of the flow boiling correlation to transition, laminar and deep laminar flows in minichannels and microchannels
Author: Kandlikar, Satish; Balasubramanian, Prabhu
Abstract: Flow boiling in mini- and microchannels offer very high heat transfer capabilities and find applications in many emerging technologies, such as electronics cooling and fuel cells. The low flow rate employed in such geometries, coupled with the small flow channels, often results in a laminar flow with all flow as liquid. Since the single-phase flow with all liquid is in the laminar range, the flow boiling correlations developed for conventional tubes with an inner diameter larger than 3 mm and turbulent flow need to be carefully reviewed. In the present work, flow boiling correlation for large diameter tubes developed by Kandlikar [1, 2] is modified for flow boiling in minichannels by using the laminar single-phase heat transfer coefficient for all liquid flow. The correlation is also extended for flow boiling in microchannels using the nucleate boiling as the dominant part of the original correlation. The trends in heat transfer coefficient versus quality are compared in the laminar and deep laminar regions in minichannels and microchannels. Excellent agreement is obtained between predicted values and experimental data.
Description: RIT community members may access full-text via RIT Libraries licensed databases: http://library.rit.edu/databases/
Record URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1850/7331
Publishers URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01457630490280425
Date: 2004

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