The ACS Virgo Cluster Survey X. half-light radii of Globular Clusters in Early-Type Galaxies: environmental dependencies and a standard ruler for distance estimation authors:

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dc.contributor.author Jordan, Andres
dc.contributor.author Cote, Patrick
dc.contributor.author Blakeslee, John
dc.contributor.author Ferrarese, Laura
dc.contributor.author McLaughlin, Dean
dc.contributor.author Mei, Simona
dc.contributor.author Peng, Eric
dc.contributor.author Tonry, John
dc.contributor.author Merritt, David
dc.contributor.author Milosavljevic, Milos
dc.contributor.author Sarazin, Craig
dc.contributor.author Sivakoff, Gregory
dc.contributor.author West, Michael
dc.date.accessioned 2008-11-14T20:05:59Z
dc.date.available 2008-11-14T20:05:59Z
dc.date.issued 2005-12-01
dc.identifier.citation Astrophysical Journal 634 (2005) 1002-1019 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1850/7507
dc.description Also archived in: arXiv:astro-ph/0508219 v1 Aug 9 2005 en_US
dc.description.abstract We have measured half-light radii, rh, for thousands of globular clusters (GCs) belonging to the one hundred early-type galaxies observed in the ACS Virgo Cluster Survey and the elliptical galaxy NGC 4697. An analysis of the dependencies of the measured half-light radii on both the properties of the GCs themselves and their host galaxies reveals that, in analogy with GCs in the Galaxy but in a milder fashion, the average half-light radius increases with increasing galactocentric distance or, alternatively, with decreasing galaxy surface brightness. For the first time, we find that the average half-light radius decreases with the host galaxy color. We also show that there is no evidence for a variation of rh with the luminosity of the GCs. Finally, we find in agreement with previous observations that the average rh depends on the color of GCs, with red GCs being ∼ 17% smaller than their blue counterparts. We show that this difference is probably a consequence of an intrinsic mechanism, rather than projection effects, and that it is in good agreement with the mechanism proposed in Jord´an (2004). We discuss these findings in light of two simple pictures for the origin of the rh of GCs and show that both lead to a behavior in rough agreement with the observations. After accounting for the dependencies on galaxy color, galactocentric radius and underlying surface brightness, we show that the average GC half-light radii hrhi can be successfully used as a standard ruler for distance estimation. We outline the methodology, provide a calibration for its use, and discuss the prospects for this distance estimator with future observing facilities. We find hrhi = 2.7± 0.35 pc for GCs with (g − z) = 1.2 mag in a galaxy with color (g − z)gal = 1.5 mag and at an underlying surface z-band brightness of μz = 21 mag arcsec−2. Using this technique, we place an upper limit of 3.4 Mpc on the 1- line-of-sight depth of the Virgo Cluster. Finally, we examine the form of the rh distribution for our sample galaxies and provide an analytic expression which successfully describes this distribution. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Universtiy of Chicago Press: Astrophysical Journal en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries vol. 634 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries no. 2 en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries pps. 1002-1019 en_US
dc.subject Galaxies - elliptical and lenticular, cD en_US
dc.subject Galaxies - star clusters en_US
dc.subject Globular clusters - general en_US
dc.title The ACS Virgo Cluster Survey X. half-light radii of Globular Clusters in Early-Type Galaxies: environmental dependencies and a standard ruler for distance estimation authors: en_US
dc.type Article en_US

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